It is vital to remember that heroin is one of the most dangerous illegal drugs derived from morphine.
At the same time, morphine comes from the opium poppy plant. You can either smoke, snort, sniff, or inject heroin to experience a sense of euphoria.
As soon as you check here, you will learn more about dealing with this particular type of addiction.
Opioid use disorder or heroin addiction is a problem that can affect your behavior and brain, which means you should do something about it.
You probably know by now that heroin is one of the most addictive drugs. Since it is an opioid, it binds to brain receptors to release dopamine.
Similarly, like any drug, it is a temporary release that provides you with a good feeling. Therefore, if you use it repeatedly in time, the brain will stop with natural dopamine production, which will lead to cravings.
That way, you will take more frequent and higher doses to achieve the same levels of feelings. In some situations, opioid use disorder starts with legal meds, including painkillers you consumed after a particular injury or surgery.
Since pain-relieving drugs function the same way as heroin. Therefore, people start with painkillers by using legal prescriptions, and when they cannot get them anymore, they choose illegal options, including heroin, to ensure the same feeling.
It is important to remember that opioid addiction can happen to anyone, but we must think about lifestyle factors that can affect your situation.
The lifestyle risks are:
- Significant tobacco abuse
- Personal or family history of addiction
- Exposure to high-risk environments and individuals
- Risk-taking behaviors
Still, we can differentiate other risk factors, while these one does not mean you will develop abuse disorder. Generally, addictions are a combination of environmental, psychological, and genetic factors.
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Heroin Addiction Symptoms
When you first consume heroin, you will not notice any symptoms of abuse disorder. At the same time, most people choose to develop some habits to hide their use. However, as you consume increasingly, it gets more challenging to hide them.
The most common signs include:
- Memory issues
- Small or constricted pupils
- Slurred speech
- Drowsiness or agitation
- Nose sores and runny nose
- Needle marks
- Low sense of pain
Other signs are changes in behavior because you may experience sudden aggression or secrecy, the decline in personal hygiene and appearance, potential money issues or spending too much without logical explanations, dangerous and risky behavior, among other things.
One of the most significant and most troubling signs of addiction is the inability to stop with consumption, even though you experience negative consequences.
At the same time, you will have to increase a quantity to get the same feeling and euphoria, leading to overdose and fatality.
How to Diagnose This Particular Addiction
As mentioned above, you should look for signs of drug abuse that may affect the person you know or yourself. Therefore, it requires a comprehensive examination by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
In some states, licensed alcohol or drug counselor may make a diagnosis as well. Generally, they can use a wide array of drug tests, including urine or blood, to determine the amount of substance within your body.
At the same time, if you suspect that someone from your proximity has an opioid use disorder, you should talk with a professional beforehand.
How to Treat a Heroin Addiction?
We cannot find a single cure for this problem, especially because heroin is one of the most addictive substances you can consume. Of course, it does not mean you cannot cure it, but it depends on the person who uses it.
Generally, a type of treatment depends on the substance you consumed, your state, and other medical conditions you are experiencing.
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However, the most common options include behavioral and pharmacological.
- Medical Treatment – The best way to deal with withdrawal and side effects is by using proper medications that will help you reduce the side effects. The most common withdrawal symptoms are vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and pain. Therefore, detoxification is highly uncomfortable and painful, which is why you should conduct it under strict medical supervision. Medications can reduce physical withdrawal symptoms and cravings, which are essential steps towards preventing relapse.
- Behavioral Treatment – The main goal is to choose inpatient or outpatient settings that feature contingency management, group, and individual therapies. That way, you can reduce the triggers by identifying them, developing ways to prevent relapse, and building additional coping skills to help you with severe cravings and cope with emotional discomfort after you stop with consumption.