In itself, cardiology is defined as a branch of medicine which examines with heart itself as well disease and abnormalities which can afflict it.
A more specific branch would be interventional cardiology. By definition, this branch within the field of cardiology is the treatment, usually through catheterization, for structure-based heart illnesses.
A number of procedures, which many high-end heath centers have been known to provide, fall under this field such as angioplasty, valvuloplasty, or even a valve repair or replacement. Such procedures have a number of advantages which reduce post-surgery pain and can help in a patient’s recovery over the long run. Also, a patient can sit up and move about shortly after the operation.
The field of interventional cardiology continues to grow and find ways to help people deal with heart issue. To understand a bit more, you should know who it can affect, the key part of the procedure (catheter), and diseases and procedures within the field.
Who Can be Treated in this Field?
Anyone who suffers from a cardiovascular disease likely has dealt with an interventional cardiologist. They are trained specifically for recognizing and treating such heart-related diseases. If you are dealing with potential blockage in your arteries, you likely will be referred to one. If someone you know had congenital birth defect within the heart, that person likely has been treated by one.
Much of the interventional cardiology treatment involves a thin tube called a catheter. This tube gets used as a medical device which gets inserted into a certain point of the human body to treat diseases or when a surgical procedure needs to be done. They can be inserted into a body duct or vessel for fluid drainage.
Catheterization is the process in which a catheter is inserted into the body. Sometimes, they are permanent but most are temporary and can be taken out at a later date.
The use of the catheter often gets used as an insertion into the femoral artery or into the heart to deliver or remove fluids depending on the situation. It can also be used for breathing purposes.
Diseases which can get Treated
Coronary Artery Disease – This is when the blood tubes which supply oxygen to the heart become narrow due to the buildup of cholesterol, calcium, plaque, and fatty deposits. This restricts flood flow to the heart, leading to potential heart attacks and heart disease.
Heart Valve Disease -This describes when heart valves fail to regulate blood flow through the chambers of the heart. It can be a birth defect or it can occur when heart attacks become too commonplace.
Peripheral Vascular Disease – This is similar to the coronary disease, but it is because the blood vessels become hardened and clogged, leading to high blood pressure, a stroke, or a heart attack.
Angioplasty – An intervention to dilate the arteries, increasing blood flow. If it is cardiac valves, it can be referred to as a valvuloplasty.
Percutaneous valve repair (replacement) – This is an alternative to open heart surgery in which either the aortic or pulmonary valve are fixed or replaced.
Thrombectomy – This procedures removes a key blood clot from the coronary arteries.
These are diseases that can be deadly to you and others as you grow and age. There are still ways to help get a handle on such heart diseases if they are caught early enough. So understand that there is a specific field – and one that is gradually growing with more acquired knowledge – that can help you cope with such issues and learn more about it.